Pope Innocent IV was born in 1195 in Genoa, Italy. He became a Catholic priest and scholar and was elected as Pope in 1243.
On May 9, 1244 Innocent IV issue a papal bull [bulla – the seal on papal decrees] to French King Louis IX entitled Impia judoerum perfidia [the unpious treachery of the Jews]. This phrase is a popular epithet against the Jews, calling them a “perfidious” race.
Pope Innocent IV explains that Jesus tolerates Christians and Jews living together, but only in the expectation that the Jews will eventually convert to Christianity. He goes on to say:
“For their part, these ungrateful do not admit [and none repent] their errors and do not revere the honor of the Christian faith.
They have abandoned the law of Moses and the Prophets, following…
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