Rosh Chodesh Tammuz in the year 5151 (June 6, 1391) marked a tragic turn in the history of Spanish Jewry in Christian Spain. On that day a wave of massacres swept the Jewish communities in Spain, which brought in their wake a century of violence and persecutions that culminated in the final Expulsion on Tisha b’Avof 5252 (1492).
The massacres of 1391, which became known in Jewish history as the pogroms of 5151, marked the beginning of the end of the Golden Age of Spanish jewry.
The bloody attacks against the Jews first broke out in Seville. They were instigated by a Jew-baiting priest Ferrand Martinez, who bad begun a relentless campaign against the Jews as early as 1378. In public sermons, filled with hatred of the Jews, he called on all good Christians to destroy the 23 beautiful synagogues of the Jewish community of Seville, to lock up the Jews in a…
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