Haim Beinart writes in Encyclopedia Judaica:
The disputation held in Tortosa, in 1413–14 was the most important and longest of the Christian-Jewish disputations which were forced upon the Jews during the Middle Ages. It was apparently prompted by Gerónimo de Santa Fé (the apostate Joshua Lorki) in which he claimed to prove the authenticity of the messianism of Jesus from Jewish sources.
In 1412 the anti-pope Benedict, XIII who was recognized as pope in Spain, ordered the communities of Aragon and Catalonia to send delegates for a discussion in his presence on the claims of Gerónimo. The disputation was drawn out over some 20 months, and 69 sessions were held; it was presided over by the pope, who also actively participated in it. From the outset, the disputation did not assume the form of a free discussion between two parties but that of a propagandist missionary attack accompanied by psychological pressure – to the point of intimidation…
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