A carte-de-visite portrait Monsignor Bauer (1829-1898), also known as Père Bernard, who in 1867 was appointed one of the Empress Eugénie’s confessors.
Paul Bauer was born at Budapest in 1829 where his father was a rabbi. He studied painting and history of art at the University of Vienna, participating in the Austrian revolution of 1848. After the revolution, he studied law at Heidelberg.
He became a Roman Catholic in September 1852, influenced by the preaching of another Jewish Catholic, Augustin-Marie du Saint-Sacrement, (whose actual name was Hermann Cohen). He joined the the Carmelite Order, which he, however, left later.
He distinguished himself as a pulpit orator, first at Vienna,
where he delivered a series of addresses, which were published (1866) under the title “Le Judaïsme Comme Preuve du Christianisme.”
Eventually he attained to the rank of a bishop. In 1867 he became father confessor to the Empress Eugenie. On…
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