26 February 1569 Pope Pius V expels Jews unless they become Roman Catholics
Pope Pius V (who became a Saint in 1712) issues the papal bull Hebraeorum gens (“the people of the Hebrews”). Except for Rome and Verona, all Jews are to be expelled from the Papal States unless they convert to Christianity.
According to the Bull – a particular type of letters patent or charter issued by a Pope and named after the lead seal (bulla) that was appended to the end in order to authenticate it:
“The Jewish people fell from the heights because of their faithlessness and condemned their Redeemer to a shameful death. Their godlessness has assumed such forms that, for the salvation of our own people, it becomes necessary to prevent their disease.
Besides usury, through which Jews everywhere have sucked dry the property of impoverished Christians, they are accomplices of thieves…
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