Genesis 44:2

“καὶ τὸ κόνδυ μου τὸ ἀργυροῦν ἐμβάλατε εἰς τὸν μάρσιππον τοῦ νεωτέρου, καὶ τὴν τιμὴν τοῦ σίτου αὐτοῦ. ἐγενήθη δὲ κατὰ τὸ ῥῆμα Ἰωσὴφ καθὼς εἶπεν. ” via the Logos Bible Android app.

The New Manners and Customs of the Bible :

44:2 Joseph’s Cup
“Then put my cup, the silver one, in the mouth of the youngest one’s sack, along with the silver for his grain.” And he did as Joseph said.

The cup referred to by Joseph would have been a drinking vessel. Some were made of pottery, and others of various metals—usually bronze, silver, or gold. During ancient times cups came in two shapes; some looked like modern cups, and others were shaped like shallows bowls and came in various sizes. A silver cup like Joseph’s would be quite valuable, and so when it was found in Benjamin’s sack, it enabled Joseph’s steward to act quite indignant over the seeming theft. Strangely, Joseph apparently also used the cup for divination, although there are no Scriptures referring to his doing so, for he told his steward to say to his brothers: “Isn’t this the cup my master drinks from and also uses for divination” (Genesis 44:5)? It is also possible that Joseph had his steward speak of divination to add significance to the cup, and to test whether his brothers would stand with Benjamin or turn him over to others as they had Joseph.

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