Widows and the Law of Pledges

Dr. Claude Mariottini - Professor of Old Testament

The Deuteronomic concern for promoting the dignity of women in Israelite society and protecting them from flagrant abuse is reflected in the revision of the law of pledges in the book of Exodus. The law of pledges in the Covenant Code states: “If you take your neighbor’s cloak in pawn, you shall restore it before the sun goes down” (Exodus 22:26). In the book of Deuteronomy the law of pledges was revised to protect a woman who was without the protection of her husband or her father: “You shall not take a widow’s garment in pledge” (Deuteronomy 24:17).

The law of pledges in the book of Exodus allowed a garment to be taken in pledge provided that it was returned by the end of the day. But in the Deuteronomic legislation the widow is exempt from this law. One reason is that the book of Deuteronomy portrays Yahweh as the…

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Published by Vincent S Artale Jr

Biblical studies, Health and Nutrition, Biology, Fitness, Hiking, Reading. Re-blogging doesn't equal agreement.

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