This post is part of an ongoing series formulating a methodology for tracking and understanding the variety of ways in which early Christians received and utilized Scripture.
Typology involves an ancient author’s building upon a specific concept, idea, or symbol found in another text. This is among the most common thematic correspondences, where a writer takes a particular theme and makes it the point of their writing.1 Clement does this concerning the theme of concord (ὁμόνοια), weaving a range of citations into his discussion. Ancient writers employed a variety of typologies, including literary, theological, and historical themes. Particularly common were Summaries of Israel’s Story, which would often trace a particular theme throughout Israel’s history. Even more widespread were brief mentions of persons and circumstances, drawing thematic connections between an ancient exemplar and the contemporary audiences of a writing.
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