An introduction to metaphysics is in order. When we speak of metaphysics, we are not speaking of the odd, occultic section of the used bookstore. Instead, we are speaking of the branch of philosophy that studies how things exist.
Thomas Aquinas wrote what is arguably the pinnacle of the expression of metaphysics as it applies to God. Let us examine a statement of metaphysics and try to explain it.
Potency and act divide being in such a way that whatever is, is either pure act or of necessity composed of potency and act.
No doubt such a statement appears gibberish to the common ear. To understand such a statement, we must explain the terms.
The terms potency and act are old ways of saying potential and actual. A man is potentially strong, then he exercises and lifts weights and becomes actually strong.
In metaphysics, the term being has more than…
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