Scholarship or Philology?


J.E. Sandys, A History of Classical Scholarship, Vol. 1

Definition of ‘Scholarship’

“‘Scholarship’ may be defined as ‘ the sum of the mental attainments of a scholar ‘. It is sometimes identified with ‘learning’ or ‘erudition’; but it is often contrasted with it. Nearly half a century ago this contrast was clearly drawn by two eminent contemporaries at Oxford and Cambridge. ‘I maintain,’ says Donaldson,’ that not all learned men are accomplished scholars, though any accomplished scholar may, if he chooses to devote the time to the necessary studies, become a learned man’[1]. ‘It is not a knowledge’, writes Mark Pattison, ‘but a discipline, that is required; not science, but the scientific habit; not erudition, but scholarship’[2] ‘Classical Scholarship’ may be described as being, and in the present work is understood to be, ‘the accurate study of the language, literature, and art of Greece and Rome, and…

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