J.E. Sandys, A History of Classical Scholarship Vol. 1
Having briefly traced the history of the word φιλόλογος, we may now deal no less briefly with the two terms which in modern Latin, and in French and German, it has ultimately superseded, the terms γραμματικός and κριτικός.
In the golden age of Greek literature the common meaning of γρἁμματα is ‘letters of the alphabet’, and γραμματικός is applied to one who is familiar with those letters, knows ‘their number and their nature’; one in short who has learnt to read. In the same age τέχνη γραμματική is simply the art of γρἁμματα, the art of reading. Not in the same age only, but in all later ages, γραμματιστής is a teacher of γρἁμματα, a teacher of reading and writing. The Latin term corresponding to γραμματιστής is litterator
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