It is possible to group the various types of early Christians around the evangelist responsible for the establishment of their group. 1 Cor 1-4 demonstrates that there were schisms along the lines of teachers. While Paul says that these loyalties to leadership are having a negative effect on the church, the fact that they exist informs us that some of the house churches in Corinth were loyal to Paul, Peter, Apollos, etc.
It is possible, according to Brown, to identify at least four sub-groups of early Christianity:
Jewish Christians who practiced full observance of the Mosaic Law. This group required circumcision for all converts including Gentiles. The Judaizers in Asia Minor and Antioch would fall into this category, as well as the Pharisees in Acts 15. Paul considers these believers to be “false brothers” (Gal 2:4) and the Gospel of John strongly condemns those who do not separate from the…
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