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Homer is the earliest poet in Western culture who, given his presence in writings of antiquity and the later legends surrounding him, was a central figure of and great importance to ancient Greek culture.
Although no-one actually knows where and when he was born (historians have suggested it was somewhere between the 12th and 8th centuries BC) , Homer was clearly of great status and influence to other Greek writers of the time such as Archilochus, Alcman, Callinus, and others. Many other writers over the following centuries attributed works to him and penned accounts of his life, although they don’t provide much in the way of historical value.
Homer is known for two epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey, which were used in Greek and Hellenistic education and would later influence Western ideas. The poems were composed somewhere in the 8th or early 7th century BC…
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