True Christians struggle… (Romans 7) — Through the Bible in who knows how many days

True Christians struggle. The war with sin does not end when I become a Christian. I’m constantly tempted, sometimes winning, sometimes losing. True Christians struggle. I delight in God’s law, never questioning its goodness, but rather desiring to follow it. And yet I still see so many times I fall short. True Christians struggle. I […]

True Christians struggle… (Romans 7) — Through the Bible in who knows how many days

BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 3, Day 5: 1 Kings 15:16-24 and 2 Chronicles 16 — AtoZMom’s BSF Blog

SUMMARY OF 1 KINGS 15:16-24 Asa fought Israel’s king Baasha throughout his reign. Asa gave silver and gold to the king of Aram to break the treaty with Baasha and be on his side. This worked and Baasha retreated. Asa died of old age, and his son, Jehoshaphat, succeeded him. SUMMARY OF 2 CHRONICLES 16…

BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 3, Day 5: 1 Kings 15:16-24 and 2 Chronicles 16 — AtoZMom’s BSF Blog

Mark 15:37-41 (LDGNT) w/commentary & Translation

     Today  Mark 15:37–41
 δὲ Ἰησοῦς ἀφεὶς φωνὴν μεγάλην ἐξέπνευσεν 
[-]butJesusutteredcrya loud[and] expired
     38       Καὶ τὸ καταπέτασμα τοῦ ναοῦ ἐσχίσθη εἰς δύο ἀπʼ ἄνωθεν ἕως 
andthecurtainof thetemplewas tornintwofromtopto
     39        Ἰδὼν δὲ  κεντυρίων  παρεστηκὼς ἐξ ἐναντίας αὐτοῦ
sawand[when] thecenturion[-]who was standing[-]oppositehim
ὅτι οὕτως ἐξέπνευσεν 
thatlike thishe expired
he said
  Ἀληθῶς οὗτος  ἄνθρωπος υἱὸς θεοῦ ἦν 
     40       Ἦσαν δὲ καὶ γυναῖκες ἀπὸ μακρόθεν θεωροῦσαι 
there wereandalsowomenfroma distanceobserving
ἐν αἷς καὶ Μαρία  Μαγδαληνὴ 
καὶ Μαρία  Ἰακώβου τοῦ μικροῦ καὶ Ἰωσῆτος μήτηρ 
andMarytheof JamestheyoungerandJosesmother
καὶ Σαλώμη 
     41        αἳ ὅτε ἦν ἐν τῇ Γαλιλαίᾳ 
whowhenhe wasin[-]Galilee
ἠκολούθουν αὐτῷ 
used to followhim
καὶ διηκόνουν αὐτῷ 
καὶ ἄλλαι πολλαὶ αἱ συναναβᾶσαι αὐτῷ εἰς Ἱεροσόλυμα 
andother [women]many[-]who went up withhimtoJerusalem

Runge, S. E. (2008–2014). The Lexham Discourse Greek New Testament (Mk 15:37–41). Lexham Press.

Lexham Geographic Commentary

Close-up of Skull Hill
Video: Garden Tomb


Protestant tradition locates these events two hundred fifty yards (228.6 m) northeast of today’s Damascus Gate (roughly one thousand yards or 914.4 meters from the area of Herod’s palace). A portion of the bedrock rises abruptly in that area, forming a hill that provides a nice view of the surrounding landscape. Several shallow caves in the face of the rock give the appearance of eyes sockets and a nose cavity, and when viewed at a certain angle the rocky escarpment is thought to resemble a skull. According to this tradition it is on top of this knoll, popularly called “Skull Hill,” that Jesus was crucified. Below the hill just to the west is a two-chambered tomb identified as the burial place of Jesus. In the front of the cave is a channel cut into the bedrock that is thought to be the track for a rolling stone. Because John says the burial compound was in a garden (John 19:41), the site today is called the Garden Tomb.

This cave was first equated with Jesus’ tomb in 1842 by a German scholar named Otto Thenius. However, this identification received little attention for the next forty years, although the cave was excavated by Conrad Schick in 1867.7 In 1881 Charles Conder also located Jesus’ crucifixion on the round knoll north of Jerusalem, but identified another cave, further to the west, as the possible tomb of Jesus. Although Conder was an important figure in the history of the rediscovery of the Holy Land, the area was popularized by Charles Gordon, who stayed in Palestine from January of 1883 to January of 1884. Gordon was a deeply religious individual whose faith and character had a powerful influence on Protestants in England. In the words of Franzman and Kark, “Something about Gordon rang true to the English public.”
His connection of the site to Golgotha eventually led to the establishment of the Garden Tomb Association in 1893, and finally to the purchase of the land in 1894.10 Today, the property is still managed by the Garden Tomb Association, and the quiet, peaceful grounds are a striking contrast to the hustle and bustle of the surrounding city.

Skull Hill

Located in the heart of the Christian Quarter of Jerusalem’s Old City, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre has for 1700 years commemorated the location of Jesus’ crucifixion and burial. The site of the crucifixion is found to one’s immediate right after entering the church. Although first-time visitors sometimes have difficulty visualizing this, the steps leading up to the Latin chapel on the right follow the natural topography of the bedrock. The traditional location of Calvary, therefore, is on a rock outcropping rising up inside the church. Visitors to the site today can reach their hand through a hole beneath the Greek altar and touch the rock. The tomb of Christ is located further inside the church to the left. In the center of the rotunda (the large circular room) sits a large wooden monument; the traditional tomb of Christ lies in the bedrock below.

Foreman, B. A. (2016). Locating Jesus’ Crucifixion and Burial. In B. J. Beitzel & K. A. Lyle (Eds.), Lexham Geographic Commentary on the Gospels (p. 508). Lexham Press.

Luke 10:20 (NET) w/notes | Faithlife Bible

Luke 10:20

10:20 Nevertheless, do not rejoice that64 the spirits submit to you, but rejoice65 that your names stand written66 in heaven.”

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64tn Grk “do not rejoice in this, that.” This is awkward in contemporary English and has been simplified to “do not rejoice that.”

65tn The verb here is a present imperative, so the call is to an attitude of rejoicing.

66tn The verb here, a perfect tense, stresses a present reality of that which was a completed action, that is, their names were etched in the heavenly stone, as it were.

Mark 15:33-36 (LDGNT) w/translation & Commentary

     Today  Mark 15:33–36
 Καὶ γενομένης ὥρας ἕκτης σκότος ἐγένετο ἐφʼ ὅλην τὴν γῆν ἕως 
andcamehour[when] the sixthdarknesscameoverwholethelanduntil
ὥρας ἐνάτης 
hourthe ninth
     34        καὶ τῇ ἐνάτῃ ὥρᾳ ἐβόησεν  Ἰησοῦς φωνῇ μεγάλῃ 
andat theninthhourcried out[-]Jesusvoicewith a loud
  Ελωι ελωι λεμα σαβαχθανι 
 ἐστιν μεθερμηνευόμενον 
   θεός μου  θεός μου εἰς τί ἐγκατέλιπές με 
[-]Godmy[-]Godmyforwhat [reason]have you forsakenme
     35      καί τινες τῶν παρεστηκότων ἀκούσαντες ἔλεγον 
andsomeof thebystanders[when] they heard [it]said
  Ἴδε Ἠλίαν φωνεῖ 
beholdElijahhe is summoning
     36       δραμὼν δέ τις 
καὶ γεμίσας σπόγγον ὄξους 
andfilleda spongewith sour wine
περιθεὶς καλάμῳ 
put [it]on a reed
ἐπότιζεν αὐτὸν λέγων 
[and] gave [it]to him [to drink]saying
  Ἄφετε ἴδωμεν εἰ ἔρχεται Ἠλίας καθελεῖν αὐτόν 
leave [him] alonelet us seeifis comingElijahto takehim [down]

Runge, S. E. (2008–2014). The Lexham Discourse Greek New Testament (Mk 15:33–36). Lexham Press.

Lexham Geographic Commentary on the Gospels

Overview of Jerusalem

The New Testament also indicates that the place of execution was outside of the city. Matthew 27:39 and Mark 15:29 relate Jesus was scorned by those who “passed by” when they saw him hanging on the cross. This implies Jesus was crucified near a road, in a visible location.3 Simon of Cyrene was traveling on this road, and was “coming in from the country” (Mark 15:21) when he was shackled with the task of carrying the execution plank. The author of Hebrews is more explicit about the location, suggesting the crucifixion occurred near the city gate: “So Jesus also suffered outside the gate” (Heb 13:12).

The killing site, according to all four Gospels, was called “Place of a Skull” (Matt 27:33: Mark 15:22; Luke 23:33; John 19:17), which in Aramaic is “Golgotha.”5 Why this name was assigned to the crucifixion grounds is not entirely clear, but it may provide a clue as to where Jesus was crucified. If the name is a description of the site’s appearance, two options are possible: (1) the area may have looked like the back of a skull, implying a round knoll; (2) the site might have brought to mind the front of a skull, perhaps alluding to a rocky cliff with caves resembling eye sockets and a nose cavity. If the name relates to a topographical feature of the area, therefore, this might help us locate the site today. However, “skull” may simply have been a symbol of death pointing to the activity of the area: it was the “place of the skull” because executions were performed there.

John 19:41–42 is, without exaggeration, the most important passage in this discussion: “Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. So because of the Jewish Day of Preparation, since the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there.” These verses provide us with two key details. First, the place of crucifixion and the tomb in which Jesus’ body was placed were in the same vicinity. This has long been recognized, and thus the discussion has centered around which tradition rightly preserves the area in which both of these events occurred. Second, Jesus was buried in a “new tomb in which no one had yet been laid.” In other words, it was not a reused Old Testament burial cave; it was a brand new tomb, hewn in the first century AD.
Like many sacred places in the Holy Land, there is disagreement on where Jesus was crucified and buried. The debate is (only) about 130 years old and is divided along theological lines. In this time, two main candidates have been proposed.

Foreman, B. A. (2016). Locating Jesus’ Crucifixion and Burial. In B. J. Beitzel & K. A. Lyle (Eds.), Lexham Geographic Commentary on the Gospels (pp. 505–506). Lexham Press.

BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 3, Day 4: 2 Chronicles 15 — AtoZMom’s BSF Blog

SUMMARY OF 2 CHRONICLES 15 The prophet Azariah told Asa that the Lord is with him when he is with God, but if he forsakes God, God will forsake him. Be strong, and do not give up for your work will be rewarded. Asa took courage and removed the idols from the land. He repaired…

BSF Study Questions People of the Promise: Kingdom Divided Lesson 3, Day 4: 2 Chronicles 15 — AtoZMom’s BSF Blog

Ezekiel 34:10 (NET) w/notes | Faithlife Bible

Ezekiel 34:30 (NET)
34:30 Then they will know that I, the Lord their God, am with them,15 and that they are my people, the house of Israel, declares the sovereign Lord.16
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15sn A promise given to Abraham (Gen 15:7) and his descendants (Gen 15:8Exod 6:7).

16sn The blessings described in vv. 25–30 are those promised for obedience in Lev 26:4–13.

Acts 11:7-12 (NASB95) Some quick observations

Acts 11:7–12 (NASB95):

7 “I also heard a voice saying to me, ‘Get up, Peter; kill and eat.’
8 “But I said, ‘By no means, Lord, for nothing unholy or unclean has ever entered my mouth.’
9 “But a voice from heaven answered a second time, ‘What God has cleansed, no longer consider unholy.’
10 “This happened three times, and everything was drawn back up into the sky.
11 “And behold, at that moment three men appeared at the house in which we were staying, having been sent to me from Caesarea.
12 “The Spirit told me to go with them without misgivings.

Some of my thoughts… By decree God lets Peter know it isn’t food that makes one unholy. The Spirit (helper) was sent (also spoke) testifying to the things of God and to not delay.